Podiatrist Gladstone Park Craigieburn Greenvale - medifoot clinic
Bunion is the misalignment of the big toe joint (Hallux Abducto Valgus) or the first metatarsophalangeal joint. It is a progressive bony degeneration.
The big toe joint protrudes outwards making the forefoot wider. The joint may become red, inflamed and painful with restrictive footwear. Pain will be relieved once shoes are taken off. Patients may also get inflammation of the bursa which is adjacent to the big toe joint leading to bursitis.
Tight restrictive footwear with high heels can increase the risk of developing a bunion
Genetic predisposition (especially in younger cases)
Poor biomechanics (flat feet) accompanied with poor selection of shoes
Patients with Rheumatoid arthritis
Who can get bunions?
People who wear tight/constrictive footwear with high heels
People with a family history of bunions are more susceptible
Bunions are more common in women than in men
If bunions are not attended to in a timely manner, the following may occur which may lead to further complications.
Clawing of lesser toes (to hold on to the ground) as the big toe deviates and loses its functionality
Breakdown of skin at the big toe joint which may lead to an infection
Formation of corns and calluses in areas of high friction and pressure (such as little toes and big toe joint)
Big toe (hallux) over-riding the lesser toes
Widening of the forefoot
Difficulty in finding appropriate footwear due to the widening of the forefoot
Wear wide supportive shoes
Avoid tight narrow fitting shoes. Wearing tight narrow fitting shoes can accelerate the process of bunion formation. It is almost impossible to prevent a bunion as it is a progressive bony degeneration. Wearing supportive shoes with orthotics (inner soles) may slow down bunion growth
Wear wide supportive shoes for walking
Use custom made inner soles (orthotics) inside footwear to support the arch and the big toe joint
Ice the big toe joint with a cold pack
Taking anti-inflammatory medication to reduce inflammation and pain
If conservative measures are not helping and the joint is still very painful, surgery may be suggested to correct the alignment of the big toe joint. This surgical procedure is called bunionectomy.
Gladstone Park Specialist Center
230 Mickleham Road
Gladstone Park VIC 3043
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